Diagnosis and management chronic anemia in herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 infection

Fitria MAILIZA

Abstract


Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 (HSV-1) is usually the cause of oral infection. This infection often
precedes the development of this chronic anemia, and it is reasonable that the blood in circulation through virusinfected

tissue becomes contaminated with virus particles on the red cell surface. These virus-contaminated red
blood cells may stimulate the reticuloendothelial system to produce antibodies that destroy the red blood cells and
lead to anemia. Describe the clinical manifestations, pathogenesis, laboratory examination, diagnosis, and therapies
for managing Chronic Anemia in HSV-1 infections. (HSV) Infection 1 causes infections above the waist majority of
oral and pharyngeal and can be transmitted through direct contact with infected individuals. Prodromal symptoms
preceded HSV-1 infection for 1 or 2 days consisting of fever, headache, malaise, arthralgia, and submandibular
lymphadenopathy; subsequently, small blisters appear and quickly rupture, leaving shallow round discrete ulcers at
all portions of the mouth. Diagnosis of anemia and HSV type 1 infection requires a complete history, clinical
examination, and laboratory examinations (anti-HSV 1 IgG and IgM) or HSV isolation. Symptomatic treatment with
antipyretics/analgesics, local antiseptics, vitamins, a soft diet, and adequate fluid intake is usually sufficient.
Antiviral medication, either systemically or topically, may help if the infection is identified early in the prodromal
stage. Conclusion: Chronic Anemia and HSV Type I infection should be diagnosed and managed with complete
anamnesis, clinical manifestation, and laboratory examination.
KEYWORDS: Infection, HSV-1, Anemia, Diagnosis, Management


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/jds.v7i1.27255

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